Title of Project: IEC and Capacity Building Activities for Stockholders on PCPNDT Act, 1994
Sponsored By: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of INDIA

Summary of Project : Since time immemorial, the birth of a girl child has been seen as a stigma and a burden in many a society. This has given rise to Female infanticide which means intentional killing of a baby girl after she is born due to preferences for male babies. With the growth and advancement of diagnostic techniques, female foetus is selectively eliminated after prenatal sex determination, avoiding birth of girls. This is an ill which is plaguing the country in as much as it has not only led to a decline in sex ratio but has also put a question mark on the so called civilized society.

Despite there being equality granted as a fundamental right by the Constitution and also numerous benefits and privileges accorded to a girl child, the situation at the ground level leaves much to be desired.

The pre-dominantly patriarchal, social, cultural and religious set up based on the foundation that the family line runs through a male has contributed extensively to the secondary status of women in India. This has led to strong desire to avoid the birth of a female child in the family resulting in decline in the child sex ratio at an alarming rate in INDIA as well as in Jaipur district of Rajasthan. Misuse of the techniques like amniocentesis to determine the sex of the foetus and subsequent abortions if the foetus was found to be female was noticed by social activists in the 1980s. Thereafter due to the relentless efforts of activists and after intensive public debate all over India, the Parliament enacted the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act on 20th September 1994 and it was brought into operation from 1st January, 1996. The said Act has since been amended with effect from 14th February, 2003 to make it more comprehensive and renamed as "Pre-conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994". The techniques of pre-conception sex selection have been brought within the ambit of the Act so as to pre-empt the use of such technologies, which signi?cantly contribute to the declining sex ratio.

The sex ratio in country as well as in Rajasthan is decreasing continuously. This happens because of new technology like per-natal diagnostic techniques and mentality about sex related issues. The Sikar is the one of the important district of Rajasthan state but the happenings of pre sex selection is common and people are still confusing in child sex selection.

Objective of Activities